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albinism

Albinism
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Albinism

Albinism is a genetic mutation that interferes with the ability to make melanin, a chemical responsible for eye, skin, and hair color. People with albinism tend to have very pale features.

Albinism appears in other animals and even in plants, and these can be correctly referred to as “albinos.” Except for having vision and sometimes hearing problems, most people with albinism are healthy.

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Albino Animals Revealed

Albino Animals Revealed

There may have been only one Moby-Dick, but there are quite a few white whales in the planet’s oceans. Albinism is found in many species of animals, both terrestrial and aquatic. Explore these images. More...

Images
National Geographic
Albinism and the Eyes

Albinism and the Eyes

A lack of pigmentation in the parts of the eye can cause a range of vision problems for people with albinism. An example is photophobia: discomfort or pain in the eye caused by bright light. More...

Article
Discovery
Rare White Wombat Nursed Back to Health

Rare White Wombat Nursed Back to Health

Animals with albinism often appear mostly white. Here's the story of a white wombat — a marsupial found in Australia — who needed some special care. More...

Video
BBC
Sir Archibald Edward Garrod

Sir Archibald Edward Garrod

A pioneer British scientist, Dr. Garrod was the first to publish about recessive genetic inheritance in humans. He believed albinism was an “inborn error of metabolism.” Read more about his scientific contributions. More...

Profile
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Albino Redwoods, Ghosts of the Forest

Albino Redwoods, Ghosts of the Forest

The iconic redwood trees of northern California include some with mutant white offshoots that grow at their bases. The albino shoots lack chlorophyll and can’t synthesize to obtain energy. Visit with these rare ghosts of the forest. More...

Video
KQED/QUEST
Color On, Color Off: The Nature of Albinism

Color On, Color Off: The Nature of Albinism

Find out how albinism affects animals' ability to find food and avoid becoming prey, and whether it is legal to hunt them. More...

Article
Minnesota Conservation Volunteer
Dancing Eyes

Dancing Eyes

People with albinism sometimes have nystagmus, or uncontrollable eye movements informally referred to as “dancing eyes.” Hear from children and teens what it's like to live with albinism. More...

Video
Megan Palmer/THIMUN Qatar Film Festival
Inside the Lives of Albinos in Tanzania

Inside the Lives of Albinos in Tanzania

Life in Tanzania for people with albinism is difficult — and dangerous. Despite education programs, albinism is often regarded as an evil peculiarity. These photos are of a protection center's residents. More...

Images
National Geographic
Oculocutaneous Albinism

Oculocutaneous Albinism

Oculocutaneous is a big word that means “eyes and skin.” This kind of albinism shows different degrees of paleness or color of skin, hair, and eyes. Explore the genetics of this condition. More...

Article
National Institutes of Health

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