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Archimedes of Syracuse
Legend has it that this Greek mathematician ran naked through the streets of Sicily shouting "Eureaka" when he discovered the buoyancy principle that bears his name.

But his contributions don't stop there. Investigate the inventor and scientist who calculated the value of pi, created an engineering device still used today, and much more — all some 2,000+ years ago.

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Select 10 notes — one to represent each integer from 0 to 9 — and then watch and listen as the first 10,000 digits of pi are turned into music. More...

Forget the crown in the bathtub — there's a bigger story to tell about Archimedes and king Hieron. The challenge this time? Could a boat the size of a palace and loaded down with treasures really float? More...

Archimedes' principle states that an object in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the amount of fluid displaced. Use this principle in this online game. More...

Find out how an overflowing bathtub helped an early Greek mathematician solve a royal problem...and made him famous. More...

Did Archimedes create a death ray with just a mirror and the rays from the Sun? Watch Jamie and Adam put a focused beam to the test. More...

Archimedes' screw has been used for thousands of years to move water uphill. See one in action. More...

Archimedes was the first mathematician to calculate, rather than measure, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. Test out his simple geometrical approach to pi with this interactive. More...

Watch this demo of Archimedes' principle in action — and see if you can predict the results and buoyant force. More...

In 1998, a faded parchment sold for $2 million. See how sophisticated technology uncovered text and diagrams from Archimedes on it...that had been written over! More...

Can you move water with just a flick of your wrist? With this experiment you can — build your own Archimedes screw and investigate how to make it more efficient. More...

More than 2,000 years after its invention, the Archimedes screw was used to help generate renewable energy at the 2012 Olympic Games in London. Talk about a gold medal winner! More...