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Homo sapiens

One Species, Living Worldwide
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One Species, Living Worldwide

Even though all humans alive today vary in size, shape, color, and in many more ways, we all belong to the species Homo sapiens. But where did we come from?

Explore our roots, beginning 6 million years ago when the earliest human species evolved in Africa. See how adaptability has helped us survive — unlike our ancestors.

Smithsonian
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3D Hominid Skulls

3D Hominid Skulls

Compare the evolution of skull shape in Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Neanderthal, Homo sapiens, and the chimpanzee — species who all shared a common ancestor some 5 to 8 million years ago. More...

Interactive
Natural History Museum, London
Becoming Human

Becoming Human

Today, the only humans on Earth are Homo sapiens, but long, long ago other human-like species coexisted. Find out what may have driven them to extinction. More...

Article
Science News for Students
Bone Flute Is Oldest Instrument, Study Says

Bone Flute Is Oldest Instrument, Study Says

Archeologists have found a flute that's about 40,000 years old. Did music help bond ancient humans together and give them an edge over Neanderthals? More...

Article
National Geographic
Dating Reveals Oldest Modern Humans

Dating Reveals Oldest Modern Humans

Evidence is abundant in fossils, but it can be hard to read. Investigate how a dating technique reestablished fossils found in 1967 as the oldest modern human specimen. More...

Article
Natural History Museum, London
Early Modern Homo sapiens

Early Modern Homo sapiens

Find out more about modern human evolution and whether we’re genetically different from our Homo sapiens ancestors. More...

Article
Palomar College
eFossils: Homo sapiens

eFossils: Homo sapiens

Relatively speaking, Homo sapiens is a young species, having evolved only 200,000 years ago. Examine our species’ physical traits, especially details of well-known fossilized skulls. More...

Images
University of Texas, Austin
Human Migrations Map

Human Migrations Map

The fossil record makes clear that early humans migrated out of Africa. Follow the possible paths of Homo erectus and Homo sapiens all over the globe. More...

Interactive
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Interbreeding May Have Helped Homo sapiens Triumph

Interbreeding May Have Helped Homo sapiens Triumph

Modern humans may have evolved by breeding with related species such as Neanderthals. Discover what new genetic evidence shows, including how humans benefited. More...

Video
AOL
LIFE at Lascaux: Color Photos from Another World

LIFE at Lascaux: Color Photos from Another World

Created about 19,000 years ago by Cro-Magnon people, paintings on cave walls in France show lively and colorful animals. More...

Images
LIFE magazine
Small Skulls, Big Milestones

Small Skulls, Big Milestones

Fossils are full of information, but unlocking their secrets takes great analysis. Identify the locations of early human species and examine their differences along the evolutionary timeline. More...

Interactive
National Geographic
Where Did Modern Humans Come From?

Where Did Modern Humans Come From?

New types of evidence help scientists rethink old information. Learn how insights from DNA evidence is changing current thinking about how our species evolved. More...

Article
Natural History Museum, London

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