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islands & peninsulas

Island
Image: iStockphoto.com/hypergurl

Island

Bodies of land — gigantic or tiny, lush or barren, crowded or deserted — surrounded by water: These are islands.

Investigate Earth’s islands: how they form (including why people create some), their ecosystems, and the threats they face from climate change. You'll discover why a desert island has nothing to do with a desert.

National Geographic
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Can You Name the World’s Largest Islands?

Can You Name the World’s Largest Islands?

Islands abound the world around. You have 7 minutes to name the 25 largest islands in area. Two tips: 1. Look at a globe or map. 2. Don’t include Australia; here it’s a continent only. More...

Game
Sporcle
Island vs. Peninsula

Island vs. Peninsula

Similar but different: Compare and contrast an island and a peninsula, and discover details about both. More...

Article
Defen
“Gooey” New Mud Volcano Erupts from Arabian Sea

“Gooey” New Mud Volcano Erupts from Arabian Sea

A mud volcano broke the surface of the Arabian Sea, but don’t plan a vacation there. Learn the science behind its quick appearance and why this island-like phenomenon doesn’t last long. More...

Article
National Geographic
Amazing Images from the Canary Islands

Amazing Images from the Canary Islands

Take a photo tour of this island chain off the coast of Africa for a look at some fantastic volcanic features. More...

Images
Volcano World
Impossible Islands: Palm Islands

Impossible Islands: Palm Islands

Extending into the Persian Gulf off the coast of Dubai is an artificial palm tree-shaped island made of sand and rock. Watch to learn about its unique construction. More...

Video
National Geographic
Islands, Capes, and Peninsulas

Islands, Capes, and Peninsulas

The top 10 list of the largest islands in the world starts with Greenland. Take a look at the distinguishing characteristics of an island, a peninsula, and their cousin: the cape. More...

Article
Water Encyclopedia
Maldives ‘Rubbish Island’ Is ‘Overwhelmed’ by Garbage

Maldives ‘Rubbish Island’ Is ‘Overwhelmed’ by Garbage

Quite different from its common white sands, the Maldives’ artificial island is a huge garbage dump. Find out where the trash comes from and where it goes. More...

Article
BBC
Natural History: Island Formation

Natural History: Island Formation

Lying in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii is a chain of volcanic islands. Find out all about the forces that built the island of Kaua'i. More...

Article
University of Hawaii
Peninsula

Peninsula

Almost an island — literally. A peninsula is surrounded by water on all sides but one. Discover the large and the small, and why they can be a good location for a lighthouse. More...

Article
National Geographic
South Pacific Sandy Island ‘Proven Not to Exist’

South Pacific Sandy Island ‘Proven Not to Exist’

A phantom in the Coral Sea…is it real or a mapping mistake? Scientists say Sandy Island doesn’t exist, even though it’s on maps. Study the evidence and decide for yourself. More...

Article
BBC
The Moment Britain Became an Island

The Moment Britain Became an Island

Britain became an island nation when huge waves washed over a peninsula 8,000 years ago. Investigate this geological phenomenon, and consider how it shaped the country’s character. More...

Article
BBC
Video from Space: U.S. Army Builds ‘Mud Island’ on U.S. East Coast

Video from Space: U.S. Army Builds ‘Mud Island’ on U.S. East Coast

The U.S. Army rebuilt an eroding island in the Chesapeake Bay as a wildlife sanctuary. Watch a time-lapse video of satellite images that show Poplar Island’s regrowth. More...

Video
Space.com
Volcanic Islands Forming Over a Hot Spot

Volcanic Islands Forming Over a Hot Spot

Watch a simulation to see how the Hawaiian islands were formed when magma erupted onto the seafloor and accumulated. More...

Interactive
McDougal Littell

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