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Neanderthals

Prehistoric Life: Neanderthal
Image: BBC/photolibrary.com

Prehistoric Life: Neanderthal

Cave-dwelling Neanderthals lived in complex social groups across Europe and southwest Asia beginning around 190,000 years ago. They had large brains and used complex speech.

Discover their hunting abilities, how they survived the Ice Age, and who ultimately lead to their extinction 28,000 years ago.

BBC
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3D Hominid Skulls

3D Hominid Skulls

Compare the evolution of skull shape in Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Neanderthal, Homo sapiens, and the chimpanzee — species who all shared a common ancestor some 5 to 8 million years ago. More...

Interactive
Natural History Museum, London
A Neanderthal Burial

A Neanderthal Burial

Go inside a cave filled with 10 Neanderthal bodies. Find out what the discovery of panther paws may reveal about this burial site. More...

Video
NOVA/PBS
Bone Flute Is Oldest Instrument, Study Says

Bone Flute Is Oldest Instrument, Study Says

Archeologists have found a flute that's about 40,000 years old. Did music help bond ancient humans together and give them an edge over Neanderthals? More...

Article
National Geographic
eFossils: Homo neanderthalensis

eFossils: Homo neanderthalensis

What do the fossils say? Find out all about Neanderthals, including their similarities with modern humans and what made them most different — and if they ever encountered each other. More...

Interactive
University of Texas, Austin
European and Asian Genomes Have Traces of Neanderthal

European and Asian Genomes Have Traces of Neanderthal

Although their species became extinct long ago, Neanderthals live on in the genomes of most modern humans. Investigate how, when, and where this took place. More...

Article
Nature
Homo Neanderthalensis

Homo Neanderthalensis

Explore evidence of Neanderthals, our closest extinct human relative: defining physical adaptations, toolmaking and hunting skills, graveside activity, and more. More...

Interactive
Smithsonian
I Believe in Gene Flow

I Believe in Gene Flow

The interbreeding of Neanderthals and modern humans is a subject of great scientific study. Watch a creative interpretation of how genes could have become shared between the two species. More...

Video
St. Lawrence University
Last of the Neanderthals

Last of the Neanderthals

Body art is nothing new. Fossil anatomy and DNA evidence gave artists enough details to create lifelike Neanderthal models. Take a look at one of your closest extinct relatives. More...

Images
National Geographic
Meet Your Relatives

Meet Your Relatives

Just how close are we to our closest relatives? Get an in-depth look at people, chimps, and Neanderthals in this interactive feature. More...

Interactive
AMNH
Neanderthal Superglue

Neanderthal Superglue

Did Neanderthals glue their spear points to their spear shafts? Watch as scientists try to make Neanderthal adhesive using only the materials available to these ancient hunters. More...

Video
NOVA/PBS
Neanderthals on Trial: Dig and Deduce

Neanderthals on Trial: Dig and Deduce

Unearth stone tools and fossilized bone fragments so you can analyze and interpret their significance at three Neanderthal archaeological sites. More...

Interactive
NOVA/PBS
Neanderthals Quiz

Neanderthals Quiz

Test your Neanderthal knowledge with 8 seemingly simple questions. More...

Interactive
National Geographic
Neanderthals: Fact vs. Fiction

Neanderthals: Fact vs. Fiction

Primitive brutes? Anthropologist Katerina Harvati dispels misconceptions about Neanderthals. Learn why she’d like to meet one. More...

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