What is Biotechnology?
Biotechnology, or biotech for short, is an advanced, broad and highly technical branch of biology.
Hungarian agricultural engineer Karl Ereky first used the word “biotechnology” in 1919, referring to the utilization of raw materials aided by living organisms.
Shortly thereafter, the word was shortened to “biotech”.
Ever since the Neolithic Revolution, agriculture has been one of the most commonly preferred ways of producing food.
Farmers would plant and harvest the best crops in order to make sure the growing populations could be fed.
In the event that crops or fields should become hard to keep, it was quickly discovered that particular by-products could be used to fertilize and control pests.
Ever since, farmers have been testing genetics in their crops by introducing them to new environments, even breeding them with different plant genetics, a process later used to ferment beer in such places as Egypt, China, and India.
The process is still being used to brew today.